A lift behind the scenes helped bring the National Park Service into being.
In February 1916, the American Society of Landscape Architects met in Boston for its annual meeting. Among the reports entered into the proceedings was one of the Committee on National Parks. The committee was made up of Frederick Law Olmsted Jr., Harris Reynolds, Stephen Child, Percival Gallagher, and Warren H. Manning, and it had been formed on the recommendation of ASLA President James Sturgis Pray in 1915, part of a groundswell of unease that had been brewing for several years over the fractured administration of the national parks.
The passage of the National Park Service Organic Act on August 25, 1916, established the park service and its mission, and though it has been amended many times, and threatened many more times than that, it remains, 100 years hence, our primary apparatus for preserving and interpreting the national parks. Ethan Carr, FASLA, the landscape historian and author of Wilderness by Design: Landscape Architecture & the National Park Service, writes that Continue Reading »
Posted in ARCHIVES, ASLA, HISTORY, LAM MAGAZINE, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE | Tagged American Society of Landscape Architects, ASLA, Centennial, Conference, Ethan Carr, FASLA, Frederick Law Olmsted Jr, Harris Reynolds, historian, James Sturgis Pray, Landscape Architecture Magazine, National Forests, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, National Park Service Act, National Parks, Pervical Gallagher, Stephen Child, tourism, Warren H. Manning | 1 Comment »
BY TOM STOELKER
At Paterson Great Falls, one of the newer national parks, Americans made many things, including history.
Paterson, New Jersey, is a tough town. Gang violence is prevalent, teachers are being laid off, and about 30 percent of the city’s residents live in poverty. But the city’s got soul. On Market Street, the lively main thoroughfare, bachata music spills from 99-cent stores, and the scent of Peruvian food wafts through the air. Paterson has been a magnet for immigration since the 19th century, and the reason why is found nearby. Twenty minutes from the center of town is the Great Falls, now part of Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park, where the Passaic River makes a majestic drop of 77 feet off basalt rock cliffs before it continues its twisted path. These are the falls that made Paterson.
In 1778, Alexander Hamilton, General George Washington’s aide-de-camp, recognized the river’s potential to harness power for both manufacturing and geopolitics. Hamilton understood the young nation needed to grow its industry to be independent of Europe. Through a group he helped form in 1791, the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (SUM), Hamilton chose Paterson as the site of the nation’s first planned manufacturing development.
Gianfranco Archimede, who today directs Paterson’s Historic Preservation Commission, said: “At the end of the war, the king essentially said, Continue Reading »
Posted in BROWNFIELDS, COMPETITIONS, HISTORIC LANDSCAPES, LAM MAGAZINE, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, PRESERVATION | Tagged Alexander Hamilton, archaeology, brick, Centennial, Darren Boch, foodways, Gianfranco Archimede, graffiti, Great Falls Bridge, Hamilton Partnership for Paterson, Hinchliffe Stadium, Historic Preservation Commission, hydroelectric, industrial, Industrial Revolution, James Corner Field Operations, June Williamson, Karen Tamir, L'Enfant, Larry Doby, Leonard A. Zax, Mary Ellen Kramer Park, master plan, National Historical Park, National Natural Landmark, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, National Parks Now, New Jersey, NPS, Paterson, Paterson Great Falls, Pierre Charles L'Enfant, Ralph Applebaum Associates, ruins, scale, Silk City, Team Paterson, Theodore Best, Tom Stoelker, Van Alen Institute | Leave a Comment »
BY KEVAN WILLIAMS
In North Miami, flooding and sea-level rise have spurred talk of relocation, as well as cries of “climate gentrification.”
Before the city was built, the land around Miami consisted of a low band of limestone, the Atlantic Coastal Ridge, dissected by lower sloughs, marshy freshwater streams that eventually were filled in and developed. The Arch Creek neighborhood of North Miami is one such area. “Fast forward, [and] they’re what FEMA calls repetitive loss properties,” says Walter Meyer, a founding principal of Brooklyn-based Local Office Landscape Architecture, of the homes built in these vulnerable, low-lying areas.
After multiple claims, the homes are no longer eligible for the National Flood Insurance Program.
Meyer was one of nine urban planning experts convened by the Continue Reading »
Posted in CITIES, CLIMATE, HEALTHY COMMUNITIES, LAM MAGAZINE, NOW, RESILIENCE, SHORELINE, WATER | Tagged advocacy, Arch Creek, Caroline Lewis, CLEO Institute, Climate, climate change, coastal communities, David Stebbins, FEMA, flooding, foreclosed homes, gentrification, greenway, Gretchen Beesing, Kevan Williams, land bank, Local Office Landscape Architecture, Miami, North Miami, panel, redevelopment, resiliency, riparian, sea-level rise, Urban Land Institute, urban planning, Walter Meyer | 1 Comment »
BY TIMOTHY A. SCHULER
A new firm in L.A. thinks it’s time to turn up the volume on landscape architecture.
Earlier this spring, Kelly Majewski, Affiliate ASLA, was one of more than 100 designers in Los Angeles who attended Design for Dignity, a one-day “congress” convened by the L.A. chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) to identify ways to alleviate the city’s homeless crisis. But for Majewski, a landscape designer, the takeaway may not have been what the organizers hoped. “I got asked by multiple architects, once they found out I did landscape architecture, what I was doing at this conference,” she says. “I heard it three times. Which just blows my mind.”
Majewski founded Superjacent, a new landscape architecture and urban design studio, with Tony Paradowski and Chris Torres in January 2016. And it’s interactions like those at the AIA conference that inspired Continue Reading »
Posted in LAM MAGAZINE, NOW, PRACTICE | Tagged Affiliate ASLA, American Institute of Architects, Chris Torres, Design for Dignity, homeless, homelessness, international ASLA, Kelly Majewski, Kelly Shannon, Los Angeles, Melendrez, Pershing Square, Rios Clementi Hale Studios, SoCal, Southern California, Superjacent, Timothy A. Schuler, Tony Paradowski, University of Southern California, urban design, visibility | Leave a Comment »
“Forests aren’t simply a collection of trees,” said the ecologist Suzanne Simard during her recent TED Talk. In this 18-minute lecture, Simard details her experiments of the past 30 years on the unique way trees communicate with one another and how that has translated into an in-depth knowledge of the ecosystem of a forest. By knowing what and how these species interact, Simard says, we can begin to understand the effect we have on the landscape, such as clear-cutting of forests and how to manage our natural resources to become more sustainable.
Posted in CLIMATE, LAM ONLINE, PRESERVATION, RESILIENCE | Tagged clear cutting, communication, forestry, How Trees Talk to Each Other, LAMcast, Suzanne Simard, TED talk, trees | 2 Comments »
BY NATE BERG
As Las Vegas’s historic Westside faces change, residents ask, who benefits?
At the start of a three-day design charrette in a small Las Vegas community center, one of the first questions Steven Clarke, ASLA, asked the 100-person crowd was how many had participated in a design charrette before. “About 80 percent of them raised their hands,” says Clarke, a fair-haired 45-year-old from Winnipeg, Manitoba, who was new to this group of people, many of whom weren’t particularly happy to be doing another charrette. The purpose of the current exercise was to focus on the historic Westside neighborhood of Las Vegas, which has been a marginalized African American neighborhood since the early 20th century. Many of the community members who had gathered wanted to know what would be different this time around, Clarke says. The skepticism quickly boiled into anger. Some demanded to know how the charrette process would do anything to create jobs in the neighborhood. Others demanded to know how much Clarke was being paid, and by whom. “It got extremely tense,” he says. “It was probably the most challenging charrette I’ve faced in my career.”
The Westside was once the healthy heart of the city’s African American community. Today the area is largely vacant, a wasteland of urban disinvestment. The neighborhood’s blocks hold more than 200 empty lots and dozens of abandoned buildings and burned-out houses. The main commercial strip is a ghost town. Its few businesses—a minimarket, a barbecue joint, a clothing shop—are modest, and foot traffic is all but nonexistent. Down a side street, residents of an apartment building are hosting what looks like a regular sidewalk sale of old vacuum cleaners and electronics. A few blocks away, a middle-aged sex worker sits on a curb and halfheartedly propositions the few cars that drive past.
Just on the other side of intersecting freeways, less than half a mile away, is Continue Reading »
Posted in LAM MAGAZINE, PLANNING, STUDENTS, UNIVERSITY | Tagged 2035 Downtown Master Plan, African-American, analysis, ASLA, charrette, church, Claytee White, community, downtown, Downtown Project, graduate, HUNDRED Plan for the Historic Westside Community, Las Vegas, Latin American, middle class, mosque, Nate Berg, neighnborhood, regeneration, rezone, segregation, Southwick Landscape Architects, Stanton Southwick, Steven Clarke, study, undergraduate, University of Nevada Las Vegas, UNLV Downtown Design Center, UNLV Oral History Research Center, Westside | Leave a Comment »
The things our art director, Chris McGee, hated to leave out of the current issue of LAM.
Credit: Sahar Coston-Hardy.
From “Industrial Evolution” by Tom Stoelker, in the August 2016 issue, featuring the National Park Service’s management plan to unite industrial history with natural beauty at the Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park in Paterson, New Jersey.
“A view above and below.”
—Chris McGee, LAM Art Director
As always, you can buy this issue of Landscape Architecture Magazine at more than 700 bookstores, including many university stores and independents, as well as at Barnes & Noble. You can also buy single digital issues for only $5.25 at Zinio or order single copies of the print issue from ASLA. Annual subscriptions for LAM are a thrifty $59 for print and $44.25 for digital. Our subscription page has more information on subscription options.
Posted in HISTORIC LANDSCAPES, HISTORY, LAM ONLINE, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, PHOTOGRAPHY, PRESERVATION | Tagged ADC, art director, Art Director's Cut, Centennial, Chris McGee, Christopher McGee, National Historic Park, New Jersey, NPS, Paterson, Paterson Great Falls | Leave a Comment »
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